Information and Treatment
Trachoma Conjunctivitis is a chronic type of
conjunctivitis much prevalent in North India where dry dusty
conditions prevail. It is the chief cause of blindness in India.
Trachoma Conjunctivitis is an eye infection caused by Chlamydia
trachomatis, which may result in chronic scarring and blindness if
left untreated. Trachoma Conjuctivitis may be triggered by a virus,
bacteria, an allergic reaction (to dust, pollen, smoke, fumes or
chemicals) or, in the case of giant papillary conjunctivitis, a
foreign body on the eye, typically a contact lens. Bacterial and
viral systemic infections also may induce Trachoma Conjuctivitis.
Trachoma is caused by infection with the bacteria
Chlamydiatrachomatis. It has an incubation period of 5 to 12 days
and begins slowly as conjunctivitis (irritation near the eye, "pink
eye"), which if untreated may become chronic and lead to scarring.
Symptoms of Trachoma Conjunctivitis
Here is the list of some of the common sign and
symptoms of Trachoma Conjunctivitis :
Clinical Features of Trachoma Conjunctivitis
1 Slow onset from the age of two years or so.
2. Reinfection is a common occurrence.
3. Cornea becomes inflamed. Superficial
4. As the inflammation progresses,conjunctivae
become scarred which distortsthe eyelids causing them to turn
inwards so that the eyelashes constantly rub against the eyeball.
5. A corneal ulcer develops with subsequent
corneal scarring and blindness.
Early treatment before the development of
scarring and lid deformities has an excellent prognosis.
Trachoma is spread by direct contact with eye,
nose, and throat secretions from affected individuals or by contact
with objects that may have been in contact with these secretions.
Complications of Trachoma Conjunctivitis