Toothache Information and Treatment
Toothache is pain in or around a tooth. In most
cases toothaches are caused by problems in the tooth or jaw, such as
cavities , gum disease , the emergence of wisdom teeth , a cracked
tooth, jaw disease, or exposed tooth root. The severity of a
toothache can range from chronic and mild discomfort to excruciating
pain, which can be experienced either chronically or sporadically.
The pain may be aggravated by chewing or by cold or heat. A thorough
oral examination, which includes dental x-rays, can help determine
the cause, whether the toothache is coming from a tooth or jaw
problem. Sometimes, a toothache may be caused by a problem not
originating from a tooth or the jaw. Atypical odontalgia is a form
of toothache present in apparently normal teeth. The pain, generally
dull, often moves from one tooth to another for a period of 4 months
to several years. This is most commonly reported by middle-aged
women . For example, the pain of angina (inadequate supply of
oxygenated blood to the heart muscle because of narrowing of the
arteries to the heart) is usually located in the chest or the arm.
However, in some patients with angina, a toothache or jaw pain are
the only symptoms of their heart problem. Infections and diseases of
the ears and sinuses can also cause pain around the teeth and jaws.
Therefore, evaluations by both dentists and doctors are sometimes
necessary to diagnose medical illnesses causing "toothache."
A toothache hurts a lot . The most common cause
of a toothache is a dental cavity. These are holes that form when
ever-present bacteria in the mouth create tissue-softening acids
through the dissolution of sugars found in food. The acid burrows
through the outer enamel and dentin layers of the tooth, reaching
the soft nerve-filled tissue beneath. When further acids and
bacteria come into contact with the nerves, toothache results.
Sensitive teeth, where there is pain from contact with hot, cold or
sugary substances, is often caused by dental cavities too. However,
should the sensitivity be located near the tooth-gum interface then
it is possible that the sensitivity is being caused by exposure of
the tooth root. Gum disease and even overactive teeth brushing can
expose the tooth root, leading to toothache.